Dysomnia or sleep disorder is a more common problem every day that can arise from various causes related to the lifestyle adopted by each person. Sleep is a vital need, therefore, the lack or alteration of sleep implies a deterioration of certain sectors of people's lives. In this Psychology-Online article, we are going to give you the necessary keys so that you can identify if you suffer from any type of sleep problem, as well as offer you some guidelines for its treatment. We'll see now what is dysomnia, its symptoms, causes and treatment.
- What is dysomnia
- Symptoms of dysomnia
- Causes of dysomnia
- Treatment of dysomnia
What is dysomnia.
The term dyssomnia is used to encompass the sleep problems associated with the number of hours of sleep, the quality of the same and / or the schedule. Dysomnia includes different disorders related to sleep, such as: primary insomnia, primary hypersomnia, Narcolepsy, breathing-related sleep disorder, circadian rhythm disorder, and non-dysomnia specified.
- The primary insomnia refers to the inability to carry out a restful sleep due to the difficulty in initiating or maintaining sleep. Therefore, the difference between insomnia and dysomnia is that insomnia is a type of dysomnia or sleep disorder. In this article, you can see the Types of insomnia and their treatment.
- The primary hypersomnia It is characterized by an exaggerated need for sleep, causing prolonged periods of sleep on a daily basis. In this article, we also talk about the hypersomnia.
- The narcolepsy It involves a sudden desire to sleep that leads the person to experience periods of deeper but shorter sleep. This disorder may be accompanied by hallucinations, hearing and / or visual disturbances and loss of muscle tone.
- The sleep disorder linked to breathing It is considered a problem of drowsiness or insomnia due to difficulties in ventilation during sleep.
- The circadian rhythm disorder It arises from an inadequate coordination between the demands of the outside and the endogenous circadian system, producing an alteration of the sleep-wake rhythm.
- The unspecified dysomnia is used to designate sleep disorders that do not have the clinical characteristics of the disorders defined above.
Symptoms of dysomnia.
The main symptoms of dysomnia are:
- Drowsiness or an exaggerated need to sleep
- Difficulty falling or staying asleep
- Inexorable desire to sleep
- I dream in inappropriate situations
- Breathing disturbances during sleep
- Involuntary movements when falling asleep
- Sleep irregularities
- Sleep-wake rhythm modifications
- Discomfort due to the inability to fall asleep
These symptoms can trigger complementary symptoms such as increased tension or anxiety due to the inability to sleep, self-medication to be able to fall asleep, increased irritability during the day, decreased concentration and / or lack of energy to carry out tasks daily.
Causes of dysomnia.
The causes of dysomnia can be classified into two groups:
Among the psychological causes are imbalances or emotional disturbances, the style of thoughts, the rumination, the stress and / or emotional intensity
Among the environmental causes, it is worth highlighting a fast pace of life, a poor diet, harmful habits, the use of screens and / or the lack of routines and schedules.
Treatment of dysomnia.
The most appropriate treatment to treat dysomnia is usually of a psychological and / or behavioral nature due to the type of causes that generate this sleep disorder. The most effective techniques to carry out this type of treatment are classical conditioning, cognitive restructuring, progressive relaxation, sleep hygiene, sleep restriction, and intention paradoxical.
- The classical conditioning consists of associating lying in bed with sleep, in order to facilitate the reconciliation of the same.
- The cognitive restructuring technique it is based on modifying the dysfunctional beliefs or thoughts associated with sleep.
- The progressive relaxation, specifically the Jacobson's progressive muscle relaxation, is characterized by carrying out a focused breathing that allows the relaxation of the muscles. This relaxation facilitates the induction and, therefore, the conciliation of the dream.
- The sleep hygiene It is a technique widely used in this type of problem as it allows you to acquire healthier habits and routines that will have a positive impact at bedtime.
- The sleep restriction At first, it consists of reducing the hours spent in bed in order to progressively adjust the duration of sleep.
- The paradoxical intention it is based on thinking just the opposite of what we want to do, for example, "I don't want to sleep." This reduces the level of anxiety generated by not being able to sleep and, therefore, facilitates falling asleep in a more natural way.
Although all these psychological techniques have scientifically proven their effectiveness, it is necessary to know how to put them into practice. Thus, see a psychology professional that can help you manage this situation. Since, dysomnia or sleep disorder is a problem that must be controlled as soon as possible to avoid having a negative impact on our life, reducing its quality. We leave you a relaxation video that can help you learn to relax.
This article is merely informative, in Psychology-Online we do not have the power to make a diagnosis or recommend a treatment. We invite you to go to a psychologist to treat your particular case.
If you want to read more articles similar to Dysomnia: what is it, symptoms, causes and treatment, we recommend that you enter our category of Clinical psychology.
- Cobler-Ibancos, G. (2015). Life is a dream: DISOMNIAS. A clinical case.
- Manríquez, M. (2003). Sleep disorders. SPECIAL BULLETIN SOCIETY OF PSYCHIATRICS AND NEUROLOGY OF CHILDHOOD AND ADOLESCENCE, 37.
- Peraita-Adrados, R. (2005). Advances in the study of sleep disorders. Rev Neurol, 40(8), 485-91.
Dysomnia: what is it, symptoms, causes and treatment